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H-O Oats Elevator

Photo credit: HAER-Library of Congress, WNY Heritage Press

225 Perry Street, Buffalo, NY 14204


  • Seneca Nation of Indians

Physical Description

  • Multi-story brick facility (office, mill) and concrete grain elevators

Current Condition

  • Demolished. Vacant lot. Tentatively planned for sprawling surface parking.


  • 1890 - Edward Elsworth purchased Hornby's Oats
  • 1893 - Elsworth expands to Buffalo
  • 1983 - 90 years later, all production at the Buffalo plant ceased.
History courtesy WNY Heritage Press

Recent Events and Actions Taken

  • 1987 - A fire destroyed most of the complex, leaving only part of the milling structure and the iconic elevators.
  • 2002 - The NYS office of Parks, Recreation, and Historic Preservation named the H-O elevators and 15 other Buffalo grain elevators as eligible for listing on the National Register of Historic Places.
  • Early 2000's - Carl Paladino's Ellicott Development Co. had announced the possibility of converting the complex to residential loft apartments, then sold complex to Seneca Gaming instead.
  • 2005 - The Seneca Nation of Indians purchased 9 acres, including the former H-O property, for use as a casino. Demolition began almost immediately.
  • 2013 - The original casino stopped during construction, leaving only a 'temporary' building. Most of the parcel sat empty for years. The new plan wasted an entire city block with surface parking and a parking garage surrounding a small one story casino building in the middle.

Other Pertinent Facts


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Added 2013-01-08 • Last changed 2018-10-02