Willert Park Courts
|At Risk||High Risk||Demolition By Neglect|
Willert Park Courts, 1939. Looking Southeast; Spring Street on the right.
Current photo by David Torke .
373 Spring Street, Buffalo NY 14204
Spring and Mortimer Streets, between Peckham and William.
Addresses: 295 Spring Street and 373 Spring Street. Mailing address for BMHA office is 43 Mortimer Street.
The parcel located at 373 Spring is the data point for this page.
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Public housing complex. A complex of multiple two-story brick buildings in the modernist style, with cast stone sculptural elements at the doorways.
Partly in use and occupied.
Built in 1939 as public housing. Built exclusively for African-Americans, the first public housing project in New York State to be so designated. Originally named Willert Park Courts; currently named Alfred D. Price Housing or A.D. Price Housing; also referred to as Willert Park.
From Buffalo Architecture, a Guide by Reyner Banham (1981), p.246: "Willert Park Housing (now Alfred D. Price Housing), 1939. Architect: Frederick Backus. At the time of its completion Willert Park was hailed as one of the finest public housing projects in the country, for both its planning concept and architectural design. Sculptural panels by Robert Cronbach and Herbert Ambellan embellish the low-rise brick row houses and apartment buildings, which are organized around a central courtyard."
Unknown source, courtesy of David Torke: "Willert Park Courts (USHA), William & Spring Sts. Frederick C. Backus, architect. 1939. Total cost (excl land): $620,000; cost per room: $1,000. Rent per room per month $5.66 (including services). 173 families. Permission to visit interiors by telephone or letter to Buffalo Housing Authority or to architect, 360 Delaware Ave, Buffalo. Fan-shaped layout agreeably solves problem of economical building arrangement on trapezoid-shaped plot. Trim orderliness avoids military regularity through plan, variation of 2- and 3-story buildings, entries, planting. Sculptured reliefs in cast stone colored to harmonize with local brick used for all exteriors."
Recent Events and Actions Taken
- From David Torke, 1/10/14: "Four years ago Willert Park/A.D. Courts was placed on New York State Preservation League's "Seven to Save" list of endangered places. Yesterday, BMHA's constructive neglect of this historic site was shocking. I noticed half the windows had been removed and a third of the doors had been kicked in."
- "CoB Preservation Board and Preservation Buffalo Niagara board member Terry Robinson will be presenting his landmark application for Willert Park/A.D. Courts at a public hearing on January 30 - 3pm, Room 901 City Hall."
- "Willert Park is architecturally amazing and culturally significant. Here's the back story"
- January 2017, from Jessie Fisher of Preservation Buffalo Niagara:
Willert Court Park UpdateAt the Planning Board today, they decided to delay approval of the plan to replace these National Register Eligible buildings, which formerly held approximately 150 units, with approximately 40 new units.Their decision to delay was based in part on the factual information we were able to bring to them regarding the importance of these buildings architecturally and in terms of the Buffalo story, but also on the fact that people turned out and spoke so passionately about this place and its importance.To my friends who are preservationists, these buildings are significant for their architecture as well as for their part in the story of city planning and segregation. To my friends who are interested in gentrification, consider that while admitting to having a 3,000 person waiting list, the BMHA is replacing 150 units with 40 units. And to my friends interested in the power of place and community, think about the amazing power of the story of this place. As we march forward to the New Buffalo, will we honor those who came before us?PBN and the Michigan Street Preservation Corporation are trying to become a part of the Section 106 proceedings on this matter and PBN will issue formal comments over the next few days, including who you can reach out to on this issue.
Other Pertinent Facts
- docomomo article
- David Torke article, 2010
- Buffalo Rising article, 2009
- Buffalo Rising article, 2009
- WNY Heritage Press article, 2009, focusing on the sculptors
- Wikipedia article on sculptor Harold Ambellan, who created sculptural/structural elements as an artist with the New Deal's Federal Art Project. See also Robert Cronbach
- Draft of National Register application, December 2012 (1MB MS Word doc file)
- Photographic record of sculptural components, by David Torke
■ 911 West Delavan Avenue
■ 471 Delaware Avenue
■ 950 Fillmore Avenue
■ 451 East Utica Street
■ Welch Foods Building, Westfield
■ 2224 Fillmore Avenue
■ 2223 Fillmore Avenue
■ 2219 Fillmore Avenue
■ 2221 Fillmore Avenue
■ 146 Jewett Avenue
■ 155 Grote Street
■ Locust Street Art
■ Schenck House
■ 44 East Eagle Street
■ 531 West Ferry Street
■ 1820 Elmwood Avenue
■ 123 West Tupper Street
■ American Buffalo Robe Company / Marcon Erectors
■ Smither and Thurstone Building
■ 157 Philadelphia Street
■ 177 Herkimer Street
■ 289 Northland Avenue
■ 15 Auchinvole Avenue
■ 126 Hawley Street
■ 550 Grant Street
■ 40 Barry Place
■ 101 Amherst Street
■ 475 Grider Street
■ 486 Franklin Street
■ 29 Tillinghast Place
■ 911 West Delavan Avenue ■ 471 Delaware Avenue ■ 950 Fillmore Avenue ■ 451 East Utica Street ■ Welch Foods Building, Westfield ■ 2224 Fillmore Avenue ■ 2223 Fillmore Avenue ■ 2219 Fillmore Avenue ■ 2221 Fillmore Avenue ■ 146 Jewett Avenue ■ 155 Grote Street ■ Locust Street Art ■ Schenck House ■ 44 East Eagle Street ■ 531 West Ferry Street ■ 1820 Elmwood Avenue ■ 123 West Tupper Street ■ American Buffalo Robe Company / Marcon Erectors ■ Smither and Thurstone Building ■ 157 Philadelphia Street ■ 177 Herkimer Street ■ 289 Northland Avenue ■ 15 Auchinvole Avenue ■ 126 Hawley Street ■ 550 Grant Street ■ 40 Barry Place ■ 101 Amherst Street ■ 475 Grider Street ■ 486 Franklin Street ■ 29 Tillinghast Place
Added 2013-05-06 • Last changed 2017-01-17