H-O Oats Office/Mill


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Photo credit: Buffalo Evening News, WNY Heritage Press, Forgotten Buffalo


54 Fulton Street, Buffalo NY 14204
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Fillmore Council District
SBL Number: 122.23-5-3.1
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The parcel is now listed as 42 Fulton, even though Fulton Street has been lost at that location.
The concrete HO Elevator location is now referred to as 225 Perry Street.
The brick buildings were at 54 Fulton.

Next to: H-O Oats Grain Elevator, 53-63 East Market Street


Seneca Nation of Indians, per City Property Database
NYS Corporation and Business Entity Database

Physical Description

Multi-story brick facility (office, mill)

Current Condition

Demolished. Now a sprawling surface parking lot for a one story suburban style casino.


  • 1890 - Edward Elsworth purchased Hornby's Oats
  • 1893 - Elsworth expands to Buffalo
  • 1983 - 90 years later, all production at the Buffalo plant ceased.
History courtesy WNY Heritage Press

Recent Events and Actions Taken

  • 1987 - A fire destroyed most of the complex, leaving only part of the milling structure and the iconic elevators.
  • 2002 - The NYS office of Parks, Recreation, and Historic Preservation named the H-O elevators and 15 other Buffalo grain elevators as eligible for listing on the National Register of Historic Places.
  • Early 2000's - Carl Paladino's Ellicott Development Co. had announced the possibility of converting the complex to residential loft apartments, then sold complex to Seneca Gaming instead.
  • 2005 - The Seneca Nation of Indians purchased 9 acres, including the former H-O property, for use as a casino. Demolition began almost immediately.
  • 2013 - The original casino stopped during construction, leaving only a 'temporary' building. Most of the parcel sat empty for years. The new plan wasted an entire city block with surface parking and a parking garage surrounding a small one story casino building in the middle.

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Added 2013-11-27 • Last changed 2018-09-15